1 Leaf 1480 Incunabula Latin Medieval Bible 2 Red Initials + NT Textual Variant

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Seller: pattyspreciouspicks (3,038) 100%, Location: Herriman, Utah, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 362485462934 First of all, when one hears about a textual difference in the New Testament text, the reaction should not be "I've never heard of that before!" or "That's not in my King James Version of the Bible!" but rather it should be: "What was originally written by Luke in the Acts of the Apostles?" At Acts 21:20 the earliest and best text states: “And when they heard it, they glorified God.” This text is strongly supported by seventh-century Greek Papyrus #74, the Greek Codex Sinaiticus, the Greek Codex Alexandrinus, the Greek Codex Vaticanus, the Greek Codex Ephraimi Rescriptus, other Greek uncials, many Greek minuscules, Jerome’s Latin Vulgate (as seen here, with the wording “at illi cum audissent, magnificabant deum), the Syriac Peshitta, and the Bohairic Coptic. Later the text was changed from “God” to “the Lord.” This inferior text is found in the King James Version, but it does not represent the original text as written by Luke. We need to put into context the work of Christian scribes during the 1,400 years before Gutenberg’s 1455 invention of printing with movable type. During these centuries scribes developed two kinds of abbreviations in the manuscripts that were copied and re-copied. The first kind of abbreviation was the shortening or abbreviation of very common words, so that it was easier and quicker to write such frequently occurring words. These do not concern us here. The second kind of abbreviation was for the words held sacred by Christians. In the Latin tradition, and especially in Jerome’s Latin Vulgate text, these were called “Nomina Sacra” meaning “Holy Names.” To Christians writing the New Testament the word “Lord” usually referred to “The Lord Jesus Christ.” This leaf has the Nomina Sacra or Holy Name for the word “Lord,” in which the Latin word “Domini” is abbreviated to “dni” and a line is placed above the “n” to indicate that this is a Nomina Sacra, which occurs two (2) times on this Latin leaf. A very large leaf in Black Letter (Gothic) type from a Latin Vulgate Bible published in Cologne in 1480 by the printer, Nicolaus Gotz or Goetz. This is just twenty-five years after Gutenberg's first Bible of 1455! By definition, an incunabulum (the singular of "incunabula") or "incunable" (French) or "inkunabel" (German) must be printed from 1455 to 1500. However, those books printed in the later 1480s and the 1490s, as well as the year 1500 (which is technically the last year of the 15th century), had more and more woodcut printed initials. In Latin, the term "incunabula" means "baby clothes" or "things of the cradle," and can refer to the earliest stages or first traces in the development of anything. This leaf has red rubrication marks all added by a scribe's own hand, and there are scores of red marks through the first letter of each verse, as well as the title listed at the top of each side of the leaf. The red color is strong and fresh-looking, on both sides of the leaf. Size of the sheet is about 8 1/4 in. x 11 1/4 in. The heading in Latin is "ACTUUM APOSTOLORUM," which means "The Acts of the Apostles." The text contains Acts 20:25--22:2. This leaf has two (2) initial letters in red ink, which is over 500 years old and has cracked red ink (see the 1st scanned image). There are many memorable passages in the text, including: 2 instances of "Jesus," "Kingdom," "Day," "God," "Holy Spirit," "Blood," "Wolves," "Disciples," "Watch," "Tears," "Word," "Inheritance," "Paul," "Ship," "Rhodes," "Phoenicia," "Cyprus," "Syria," "Days," "Jerusalem," "Wives," "Brothers," "Philip," "Virgins," "Agabus," "Gentiles," "Heart," "Caesarea," "Gladly," "Jacob," "Ministry," "Moses," "Circumcise," "Vow," "Purify," "Heads," "Believe," "Idols," "Fornication," "Temple," Purification," "Asia," Israel," "Gentiles," "Ephesian," "City," "Kill," "Soldiers," "Centurions," "Chains," "Castle," "Egyptian," "4000," "Tarsus," "Tongue," "Hebrew," "Fathers," and "Men." Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE BN The winner of the auction will receive the original leaf from the 1480 Latin Bible, as well as a xerox copy of the Latin text, with each of these marked (see the last scanned image), with the marks made by someone who has a Ph.D. in Biblical Studies, received from the University of Birmingham, in Birmingham, England. Also, included is a small xerox copy of the colophon, which shows the date of 1000 + 400 + 80, making 1480. This is an absolutely beautiful leaf of an incunabula Bible. Bibliographic description in Frederick R. Goff, "Incunabula in American Libraries," as # B-569. Provenance: formerly in the Copinger Collection of the General Theological Library of New York, having been donated by Dean Hoffman and Cornelius Vanberbilt, and then in the private library of book collector, Robert R. Dearden, of Oaklane in Philadelphia. The sheet of paper is in very good condition, but does show some light browning discoloration, especially around the edges, due to its age and use over the centuries. A very impressive and extraordinary early incunabula leaf. Nicolaus Gotz or Goetz of Sletzstat (who died in 1481, just a year after this Bible was printed) was a famous printer in Cologne and a contemporary of Ulrich Zell. CIBN (Bibliotheque Nationale) suggests that this Bible may have been printed by Nicolaus Gotz's successor, owing to the appearance of a later M letterform. According to the Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke, however, the Bible appears to be Gotz's penultimate work. Guarantee of Authenticity. All of the items we sell (whether handwritten manuscripts or printed texts) are ORIGINALS. We guarantee everything we sell to be original and authentic. Due to their age, some imperfections can be expected, so please read our descriptions and view our scanned images carefully. We stand behind our inventory and want to make sure that all of our clients are completely satisfied with their purchases. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE Year Printed: 1480, Binding: Manuscript/Unbound, Subject: Religion & Spirituality, Special Attributes: First Edition, Printing Year: 1480, Topic: Christianity, Bibles

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